Monday, 24 November 2014

The School of Biomedical Sciences MCQ FAQ

The following is an FAQ (frequently asked questions) for the School MCQ exercise at: (Please note that the question bank is only open to members of the School)

I have lost my MCQ email and don’t know my login details or subject area. What do I do?

You can get your MCQ email resent by going to the MCQ website at

At the bottom of the page you will see the module that is currently accepting new questions. Next to this module name will be a link which you can click on and this will take you to a separate page where you enter your full student number and click the button. This will prompt the system to resend your original MCQ email.

My MCQ subject area is X - what is X?

When the system was set up I asked all module leaders for "subject areas" for the questions. These subject areas are based on the "subject areas" of the lectures on the module.

Does Dr Morris read every MCQ submitted?


Does Dr Morris correct any of the MCQs submitted?


I have made a mistake in my submitted question, can I change it?


At this time it is not possible to change or edit questions once they have been submitted.

How do I know if I have successfully submitted my MCQ?

Upon successfully submitting your MCQ you will receive a "receipt" email.

There are some odd characters in my MCQ email receipt... Why?

Do not worry about any old looking characters that may appear in your receipt email. The receipt is generated direct from the database and the characters have been "redefined" so as to correctly appear on a webpage. Unfortunately this means they do not always appear correctly in an email.

This problem is typically made worse if you write your question in Word and then paste it into the MCQ website.

Do I get feedback on my MCQ?

You will only receive feedback on your MCQ if you have made a mistake such as not providing a reference or not provide correct or sufficient feedback.

If you do not receive feedback on your MCQ then this should be taken as an indication that there are no obvious problems in the format.

Who can see my MCQ?

Only members of the School and the University can see your MCQ. That is, the question bank is only available to students on campus, or students with a valid University login.

What is the function of the reference?

The reference in the Embassy Q is there to tell students who have attempted the question as to where they can find additional information.

The reference should be in the form of a textbook, don't forget to include the page numbers), a scientific paper (don't forget to give the full citation), or a webpage (don't forget to include the date the page was last accessed). The reference MUST NOT be to a lecture.

Why do I have to give feedback on my question?

Your feedback on the question should be designed such that a student answering a question can understand as to why they got it right or they got it wrong.

Does the feedback only appear if I student gets the question wrong?


Feedback is displayed if the student got the question right, or if they got it wrong. We decided to do this to help students who may have made "a lucky guess" and got the question right.

When will the questions be available?

The questions will be available on the website after the deadline for the assessment is passed.

Why didn’t I get any feedback on my MCQ?

The reason you didn't get any feedback on your MC Q "other than a receipt" is because you had correctly formatted the question, that is, you had included the question, a correct answer, three incorrect answers, suitable feedback, and a reference.

The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki FAQ

The following is an FAQ (frequently asked questions) about the School Wiki exercise at:

Quick Overview of the Wiki

I have lost my Wiki email and don’t know my password. What do I do?
Please follow the instructions on the front of the Wiki page. It is very easy to request your login details by following the instructions on the front page of the Wiki, and by watching this video - YouTube Link

What is the most common mistake students make on the Wiki?
The most common mistake is failing to make links on the page being edited to other pages in the Wiki. Making such links is fairly easy and is covered in the lecture, and is also explained in the video on Page creation - YouTube Link.

The second most common mistake is failing to include references. Again, this is explained in the video Adding references - YouTube Link

What is my Wiki subject?
There is not a subject. You can write a page about anything you want, as long as it is about some aspect of biomedical sciences.

Also, you don't have to write a page. You can make your contribution by editing some of the pages that have already been created.

How much do I have to write or do to get the marks?
That is up to you. It is between you and your conscience.

However, the more you put in, the more you will get out.

To do a good edit you will need to spend some time reading the Wiki (so you will learn) and then possibly reading up on a subject in textbooks to correct mistakes in the Wiki.

Basically, this is a collaborative effort, and you are working as part of a team.

Does Dr Morris read every Wiki submitted?

Does Dr Morris edit every Wiki submitted?

I read all the entries and edits, however, I only correct grammar, spelling, page layouts and add in links. I do not edit the Wiki for factual correctness.

How do I get feedback on my Wiki entry?
There is no formal feedback on your Wiki entry, other than whether or not a classmate edits your entry, or if changes are made by Dr Morris. If I make any changes to the Wiki I quite often include feedback text outlining the changes I've made.

How do I know if my Wiki entry has been edited?
When you submit your changes to the Wiki if you click on the box that says "Watch this page", at the bottom of the page, then when somebody else edits the Wiki page you will receive an email notification.

How do I know if I have successfully submitted my Wiki entry?
You do not receive a "receipt" saying that you have successfully submitted to the Wiki. The way that you check is by looking at the page and seeing if your edit is present.

How can I do italics/bold/numbered lists/bullet points/sub-headings etc.?
The current setup on the Wiki has a "rich text editor" that is very similar to Word in that it provides a number of controls that you can click on to change the size of headings, put things in italics, numbered list, bullet points etc.

How can I add in references?
Referencing in the Wiki, just like any form of scientific writing, is very important. To add a reference position your cursor at the point in the text where you would wish to add the reference, and click on the "R" button on the toolbar of the editor. A window will then appear few to add the reference. Type your reference into the window, and click on and click on "OK".

This is all covered in a training video - Adding references - YouTube Link

Can I add figures from textbooks?

No copyrighted material should be added to the Wiki.

How do I correctly name an organisms in my entry?
The first time you name an organism that you should give it its full scientific name, for example, Escherichia coli, and it should be in italics (italics are available from the toolbar menu).

If you mention the organism again later in the text you can abbreviate the genius. For example Escherichia coli would become E. coli. Please note the space between the genius and the species, and that the organism name is in italics.

Who can read my Wiki entry?
Anyone on the planet.

Only class members (past and present) can edit the Wiki.

Why are we doing this Wiki exercise?
The Wiki came about as a result of a conversation between members of staff.
For a number of years of students had been asking for a "glossary of terms". The staff thought about this and decided that a Wiki exercise would provide this "glossary of terms" and would also introduce the students to collaborative work practices and teamwork.
Hence the Wiki was born…

Saturday, 4 October 2014

Looking for an ELISA plate reader, and why you shouldn't get a HumaReader HS

Before I start this post I would just like to state that the views expressed below are my own and not that of my employer.

For the last 18 months I've been trying to buy an ELISA plate reader, with no success.

Admittedly enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) are not new and have in fact been around for at least 30 years (I first heard about them during my first degree, and they were viewed as a replacement for the radio-immuno assay (RIA)). So, on the one hand you could be argued that the technology is old and well-established, or that it's a technology that is had its day. Either way you would expect the market to be mature and able to provide suitable equipment.

When I started looking for an ELISA plate reader I was struck by how old all the machines appeared to be (in a number of cases designed in the 1990s, and a few machines in the early to mid-2000s), the poor design of their user interface and how difficult it seemed to be to get data in and out of the machine (one company offered me a machine with an attached dot-matrix printer - I had no idea such printers were still made, can you even get the paper). What was really surprisingly was how few of the machines could be networked, and how old the input/output ports were on the machines.

What I was looking for was a modern machine that could easily export results either directly to a server, or to a USB data stick. You wouldn't think it would be that difficult to find such a machine? How wrong I was....

After two rounds of procurement (nothing suitable in the first round, so I dropped my requirements) I finally settled on the HumaReader HS as it appeared to be the best of a bad bunch. The machine, from what I could see in the literature, did have a rather clunky user interface but, and this was in my opinion it's big selling point, it did have two USB ports, a LAN port, and an SD card reader. From what I could gather from various promotional leaflets and the user manual, the machine was able to export data and methods to the USB ports, and it could be connected to a computer for direct export to Excel (see below). To me this seemed to be a good match as it meant we could easily collect and export data from 25 to 30 ELISA plates in an undergraduate practical and then redistribute the data to the students for analysis.

IMG 1276

The HumaReader HS ELISA plate reader - it can read plates, but you can't get the data out of it...

The machine was delivered to us after 8 to 10 weeks and installed. It was only at this point it became apparent that the export to the USB stick was in a proprietary format (Why didn't the engineers think to do a simple CSV export? I guess they were not very good engineers?) that could only be read by another HumaReader HS machine. I really cannot see a reason for wanting to do this? Maybe the methods when setting up a number of machines, but why the data?

IMG 1278

Ports on the back of the HumaReader HS ELISA plate reader - there may be data ports, but don't make the mistake I did and actually think you can export data

So, strike one, no USB export. So to my fallback plane... Export to Excel.

Unfortunately the HumaReader HS doesn't even seem to be able to export to Excel. When I raised this with the company (both the local supplier and the actual maker of the machine) I didn't receive a satisfactory response. In fact today I received the email below:

"Good day to you.
After several attempts, we managed to sort the data to excel format by using a customized Microsoft word Macros’ script.
The process is involved few steps as following:
1) Transfer the readings from ELISA reader to Laptop (LIS format).
2) Open the data which in LIS format to notepad, copy and paste the data to Microsoft word.
3) Sort the data by using a customized macros’ script and the data will be saved in excel format.
4) Open the excel format data and sort the data accordingly.
In Upon the sorting, the data is as following and for detail please refer to attach file."

Is the company serious? It would appear they are! To have to do this for 25 to 30 plates in an undergraduate practical would be an absolute nightmare. What century are we living in?


An extract from the HumaReader HS Reader promotional material...

How do other people cope? How do they get data out of the machine? Why would you design a machine from which you cannot export the data? Absolute madness.

Today I have told the company they can collect the HumaReader HS Reader from the lab, and refund the money.

So, I'm back in the market for an ELISA plate reader. As for the ELISA practical running in a few weeks? Guess I will have to be creative...

Declared conflict of interest: I am really interested and supportive of open data standards that allow the sharing of data between scientists and different labs. I heave worked on data standards in proteomics and was involved in establishing the 'Minimum information about a proteomics experiment (MIAPE) standard.

Sunday, 10 August 2014

Is your teaching website mobile friendly?

Here is an interesting question... Have you tested your teaching website on a smart phone? If not, try it... I'll wait.

A lot of websites were produced before smart phones were really around (~2007) and so they are not mobile friendly. Your site may look great on a desktop machine...


A standard teaching website on a desktop

But on a smart phone, which the majority of students now have, it may look like this:

IMG 0696

The above teaching website on a mobile

It may look OK, but it is impossible to read, and almost impossible to use. In fact, the only way it can be used is by zooming in, which is fiddly and means that it is difficult to find your way around the site. Basically, students will get bored and not engage with the site, no matter how wonderful it is.

IMG 0698

Zoomed in - you can now read the site, but it is very difficult to navigate

However, the site would look much better, and be more user-friendly, if is displayed like this, and didn't require any zooming:

IMG 0699

The above teaching website displayed correctly on a mobile phone

The solution to this problem is to rewrite the site so that it displays correctly (or is at least usable) on mobile and desktop devices, and this can be done using one of two methods:

  1. Responsive web design (RWD)
  2. Mobile redirect

Both these methods have their pros and cons, and I have used both approaches - the website shown above uses the mobile redirect method due to the complicated nature of the cascading style sheets (CSS) used in the page template for the site.

1. Responsive web design (RWD)

This, in my opinion, is the correct way to do things... However, there are some disadvantages to this approach.

A well designed website should separate the content (the words and pictures) from the the layout, and typically the layout of the page is controlled by 'code' in a file, that is separate from the content file, called a cascading style sheets (CSS) file, which is loaded by the 'content' page in the web browser. These CSS files control the way the page looks, that is, the size of the text, the fonts, the positioning of text and images etc., and they can control more that one page.

Designing a website that has content and layout style separated in this way means that if you suddenly decide that you want all your text displayed in white on a black background, instead of black on a white background, then if you have designed the site correctly you only have to change one file, the CSS file, and all pages on the site (and you may have one page, or you may have many 1000s) will display the text in that way. If a CSS wasn't used then changes would have to be made to each individual page, and for very large sites this could be a very time consuming job.

This separation of content from layout means that if it is possible to determine the screen size of a device, i.e. it is a large desktop computer screen or a small handheld device, then different CSS files can be called so that the webpage is optimised for the device. And this is what happens, as the webpage loads the browser can run a test for device screen size and determines how to format the page.

The 'pro' of this approach is the content is displayed correctly for the device being used, and images and movies are shrunk to fit in the smaller screen. However, the 'con' is that even though the image or movie appear smaller their files are not reduced in size so pages may load slowly on mobile devices with low bandwidth.

I used this approach with my main website:

Screen Shot 2014 08 10 at 17 43 19

'Home' Page - desktop view

IMG 0746

'Home' Page - mobile view

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'Home' Page - mobile view

The browser detects the screen size and uses one CSS file for large (desktop and tablet) screens, and a different CSS file for small screens.

2. Mobile redirect

With mobile redirect the browser still determines the screen size of a device, but in this case if it detects a small screen it will redirect the page request to a webpage specifically written for mobile viewing.

The major disadvantage of this approach is that you have to maintain two sources of the information (text), that is, one source for the desktop, and one for the mobile. However, this problem can be resolved by holding the text in one file and loading this dynamically in to the 'desktop' or 'mobile' webpages by using PHP or javascript. (As you can imagine this makes things even more complicated.) Another problem is the page may not be correctly crawled (indexed) by the search engines as they may not be directed to the mobile version of the material, and so no one may find it!

A significant advantage of this approach is that images and movies can be resized to better fit mobile devices and this means images and movies will be in smaller files, which will therefore load faster on mobile devices with low bandwidth. Again, this means that two versions of the image or movie file will have to be produced - one for the desktop, and one for the mobile.

Which is best for me?

This is a tough question. Both approaches have their pros and cons. Personally I prefer solution 1, Responsive web design (RWD), however, for sites rich in images and movies solution 2, Mobile redirect, may be a far better solution as pages will load faster and students will get a better experience.

Wednesday, 11 June 2014

Say hello to the hairy tree rat.... The latest genetics model organism!

In a recent post - Designing a virtual fruit fly lab using HTML5 - I wrote about how I had replaced a fruit fly genetics 'wet' teaching lab session with an online session written using in HTML5. However, one thing I didn't mention was that we invented a new 'model organism' for the assessment - The Hairy Tree Rat.

The reason we came up with the Hairy Tree Rat was because it had become apparent from the original practical that the assessment on fruit fly genetics was 'compromised' as all the answers were available online, which meant that students could 'google' a mark of 100%.

As it now says in the practical:

"You have been tasked with learning about a newly discover mammal; the hairy tree rat. Found on a single island it seems to bear resemblance to the naked mole rat but lives mostly in tree canopies and is hairy! The coat colouration is unusual; most of the rats are rusty coloured (like the tree bark) but some are brown and others are tan coloured. You need to work out the genetic relationships for colour; assume all rats are from true breeding lines (unless the litter is specified)."

By doing this it means we can control the genetics, and we can change the parameters of the assessment, so we can now assess the the students against the learning outcomes, and be fairly confident that the students haven't 'googled' the answers.

Sunday, 1 June 2014

Designing a virtual fruit fly lab using HTML5

This blog post first appeared as Surviving the semester: Designing a virtual lab - HTML5 over at my Nature Scitable blog on eLearning. I have reproduced it here, with a few edits, and some updates to the material.

I few years back (20111 to be precise) we were faced with a 'crisis' in the delivery of a first year fruit fly genetics lab. The students didn't seem to be getting as much from the lab as we would have hoped, and it was getting increasingly expensive and difficult to run the session with large groups (we had ~350 students in the year and we running the lab four times).

When the lab was first put together it was being offered to students studying the genetics degree. For them it made a lot of sense as fruit fly genetics was at the core of the degree. However, when we introduced the practical to students studying other degrees in the school the session became problematic. Yes, it was needed as we felt that the students studying the life sciences needed the basic genetics training, but we felt the students were not really taking as much from the session as we would have liked.

Having thought long and hard about the problem we decided to make the lab virtual.

The problem

Having run a number of virtual labs over the years in bioinformatics and protein analysis I was aware of the problems involved in delivering such material and also how the static nature of a web page, and of websites in general, can be very boring and tedious for students. Click, click, click.... Therefore, it was decided that what we needed to do for the online fruit fly practical was to deliver something that was interactive and moved, and where possible reproduced some of the experiences the students gained in the traditional fruit fly practical. It was clear that there was a need for animation, and possibly some 'gamification'* (a word I don't like) to engage the students. It turned out that the solution to this was to use HTML5.

The solution

HTML5 is a new web standard for the language that describes how webpage should look and feel in a web browser. HTML5 is not a finished standard (and judging by the speed that W3C is moving at it never will be a finished standard), and therefore it is in a state of flux and is liable to change. However, a number of the major web browsers such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari and Chrome have already decided to adopt a parts of the new HTML5 standard, and one part of the new standard that has been adopted, and was most useful for dealing with this lab, was animation.

Using the animation commands and tools that are available as part of HTML5 it was possible to produce a number of 'virtual' fly labs, and the final version of the practical had three such labs:

  1. Sexing fruit flies;
  2. Identifying fruit fly mutant;
  3. Determining the genetics behind the mutation.

All three 'labs' had the same underlying idea in that there was a small window with a number of fruit flies running around which the students were able to 'anaesthetise', so they stopped moving, and which they could then examine by clicking to get an enlarged image (see figure below). The students then answered questions associated with that particular section of the lab, such as what was the sex of the fruit fly, the type of mutation (if any), and determining the inheritance patterns for different crosses of fruit fly mutants.

Screen Shot 2012 02 23 at 07 24 02

Virtually sexing fruit flies

The above image is of the fruit fly 'sexing' lab - unfortunately I cannot show you the animated version of the lab as I am unable to add the necessary javascript to this page to get the flies to move.

Screen Shot 2012 02 23 at 07 22 46

'Anaesthetised' flies

In the above image the student has 'anaesthetised' the flies so they are no longer moving, and then clicked on a fly to get an enlarged view. The student can then answer the question as to the sex of the fly.

Two final problems - one mine, one HTML5

Coding up the lab was fairly straight forward and after some initial fiddling and debugging of the code everything was working. However, there were still two problems.

The first problem was that the virtual labs would only work in 2011 on the latest versions of the browsers for Internet Explorer, Safari and Chrome, and would not work at all in Firefox. For me this was a real shock as I was expecting any problems to be associated with Internet Explorer. (It turned out that the reason the lab would not work in Firefox was because Firefox had not yet implemented one of the key animation calls that is used to control the animation.)

The other problem was purely down to my code, and I have still not got to the bottom of it. The virtually labs rely on a number of 'random' number generators and some trigonometry functions to control the movement of the flies. Somewhere in the code I have something wrong because if I leave a lab running for an extended period of time all the flies end up wandering around the bottom right-hand corner of the screen. Although this does not detract from the experience of the lab, it is annoying!

Why do my flies end up in the bottom right-hand corner?


The lab was designed to run in a 3 hour slot with the students exploring the virtual fly labs for the first two hours, as well as completing a number of other tasks, including answering a number of formative questions, with the last hour used to start the online summative assessment. I was surprised to find that the students managed to work through the lab section in about 90 minutes, however, those that rushed the lab did find the summative assessment more difficult. I have now run the lab with over 1000 students in the past 3 years and this is a reoccurring theme, even when they are warned not to rush.

The lab seemed to work very well and there were no obvious problems or complaints on the day. The final marks for the online summative assessment were inline with other modules, and other work completed by the students, so overall I think the lab was a success, and met the learning outcomes for the session. In the feedback I have had from students taking the labs I have had no complaints.

One problem that I have encountered is the site does require significant maintenance as the code base needs changing every year as the HTML5 standard, and the support offered by the different browsers, continues to evolve.

(* gamification is the use of game-like ideas and strategies to help students learn, that is, the students learn whilst they are having fun and playing a game. A sort of learning by stealth.)

Friday, 9 May 2014

Playing with Adobe Voice - a useful teaching tool, or software to spawn 1000s of nasty videos?

Yesterday Adobe announced the release of a free iPad App called Voice (I first picked this up on twitter, and was intrigued).

Blog Post Bonus: Download a PDF on percentage solution calculations.
(If you are having problems with percentage solution calculations then you might like to check out the Percentage Solutions course over at the Maths4Biosciences School on Fedora.)

The software is billed as "We’re here to help you tell your stories.", and seems to be aimed at users who wanted to quickly create short instructional videos, or to tell stories.

I've used short videos in my teaching for years, and I think they are a really useful teaching aid. (You can see a collection of some these over at my YouTube channel, and I also have a number of videos on my "private" teaching web space that are not publicly available).

I, and the students, find these videos extremely useful. However, they can take a surprising amount of time to produce, and for me the bit that normally takes the time is getting the voice-over right (usually done on one take) and then editing out my mistakes. There are also the issues with timing any slides and images correctly to match the voice, and also finding good images on the web that can be freely used. Adobe Voice tackles most of these problem quite neatly...

The software is based around the idea of using a series of slides (to which animation is later added in the final video) to to which you add a short (around 10 seconds) voice-over. These individual slides are then stitched together to give the final video.

Blog Post Bonus: Download a percentage solution calculations spreadsheet
This is great approach as it breaks down the large daunting task of producing a 3 or 4 minute video in to a series of less daunting short video clips. It is very easy to come back to redo slides and change the voice-over, and the software also does a pretty good job of balancing the voice level between slides. Finally, and this is the killer feature of the App, it automatically adjusts the length for time each slide is displayed to match the length of the recording. Genius! No more tedious dragging around slides in video editing software.

IMG 0174

Main interface showing current projects

With the App you can either start a new project, or edit an existing one. If you start a new project you are given a list of possible layouts and styles from which to select.

IMG 0188

New project - picking a style

If you enter a project you will see the slides currently being used along the bottom of the screen, and these can be rearranged by dragging, or deleted or duplicated by touching on the up arrow on the slide and selecting from the menu. (For some reason the App can only be used in portrait mode.)

IMG 0173

Within a project

To add a new slide you just click the plus button on the right of the slide drawer.

IMG 0176

New slide, ready for icons, images or text

To add an icon to a new slide you just touch the icon button and then type the search term in the box.

IMG 0177

Searching for chemistry icons

The above image shows the start of a search using the word 'chemistry', and below shows some of the results.

IMG 0178

Chemistry Icons

The following image shows a result for the search term 'biology'...

IMG 0180

Biology Icons

You can also search for free to use images...

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Biology Images

Or just add text.

Blog Post Bonus: Download a percentage solution calculations spreadsheet
And there are also a number of different layouts and styles to pick.

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Different Layouts

IMG 0184

Different Styles

And the music can be changed.

IMG 0185

Music Selection

To add your voice to a slide you just press and hold the orange microphone button and speak. A recording can be deleted by touching on the timer circle to the right of the sound waveform to bring up the delete option.

IMG 0175

Click and to record...

Once your masterpiece is complete you can upload it to the Adobe’s Creative Cloud using a free Adobe ID.

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Uploading your masterpiece...

As far as I can see the project has to be posted on Adobe’s Creative Cloud as I can't find any mechanism to export the final video to YouTube, dropbox or the like.

It is however possible to embed the recording on a web page or in a blog post. To do this you need to go to the Adobe’s Creative Cloud page hosting the video and get the embed code.

Below is my attempt using Adobe Voice to produce a short video explaining how to do percentage solution calculations...

Now, is any of this of real use? Is it a good tool for producing educational videos?

Well it is certainly very very easy to use. I created the above video, which I think looks pretty good, in a few minutes, and this in fact may be a problem as the "market" could soon become saturated with very similar videos all offering similar stories or advice. The novelty will be rapidly lost.

Also, the interface is a little limiting and doesn't offer some of the fine control and editing that may be desired.

Blog Post Bonus: Download a percentage solution calculations spreadsheet
The final question is, what is Adobe up to with this application? A present it is free, including the hosting, but Adobe could have easily charged a small fee for this is as it is genuinely useful. My suspicion is that it is a "gateway application" and that Adobe will be rolling out a big expensive "all bells and whistles" version in the near future.

Meanwhile, why not pop over to the iPad App Store, grab a copy, and see what you can do with it…

Added Sunday May 11, 2014: Interestingly, it appears that the videos recorded with Adobe Voice will not play if the video (located at, or this blog post with the embedded video, is viewed using Firefox on a Mac. This may limit the usefulness of the software. Anyone else encountered this problem?

If you are having problems with percentage solution calculations then you might like to check out the Percentage Solutions course over at the Maths4Biosciences School on Fedora

Blog Post Bonus: Download a PDF on percentage solution calculations.

Thursday, 10 April 2014

The importance of cell referencing in Excel spreadsheets...

Using Excel correctly in the lab is an important skill to develop, and students sometimes get this wrong by failing to correctly use cell referencing and instead "hardcode" key numbers in to the formulas they are using. The consequence of doing this is that if the student later changes any of the numbers then these changes will not cascade through the spreadsheet, and this can lead to errors.

The video below demonstrates the importance of why cell referencing and why it should be used as opposed to "hardcoding"....

The key points are:

  • When analysing scientific data the only number that should be entered in to the spreadsheet are the raw data
  • All calculation being performed should reference cells (e.g. A2) used for the calculations and not contain numbers (e.g. the number from cell A2

So, this means that cells should be:


and not...


Thursday, 3 April 2014

Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia (NUMed) open day - teaching lab video

Last weekend - Saturday 29 March, 2014 - we have a NUMed open day for prospective students.

The video below I put together for the day, and we played it on the monitors in the teaching lab. The material in the video was shot using the main teaching microscope during classes and shows Paramecium, C. elegans, and Gram stained bacteria.

Video of Paramecium, C. elegans and Gram stained bacteria

The video below I have put together from video shot using the main teaching microscope during classes on the BMN1004 and BMN1008 practical modules. The video shows Paramecium, C. elegans, and Gram stained bacteria. Enjoy!

End of a journey - no more blogging at Scitable

For the last three years I have been blogging over at Nature Scitable about bioscience elearning and today, after 143 posts, I have decided to stop.

I have two main reasons for stopping:

  1. With my current job as Dean of Biomedical Sciences at Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia (NUMed) I am finding it increasingly difficult to find the time to blog at Scitable (or anywhere....)
  2. I have never really got on with the blogging platform at Scitable as I find it old, slow and clunky, and these days I like to blog in Markdown (as I am doing here).

It has been fun posting over at Scitable as it has given me the excuse, and therefore the time, to every so often step back from my day-to-day work and think about teaching and what I could, and should, do differently.

The problem now is I need to find an outlet for these 'teaching thoughts' and so there may be an increase in pedagogical material on this blog from now on...

Tuesday, 25 March 2014

How to connect your mobile device/outlook/Exchange to the University timetable feed

A number of the class have said they are having problems connecting their mobile devices (and/or Outlook/Exchange) to the University timetable calendar feed. The short video below will walk you through the process...